One of the central aspects of designing a website is programming. According to the technologies that are used in programming can be obtained sites with different characteristics and functions. In HOSTING-AND-WEBDESIGN.COM offer the most important concepts to understand what are the necessary elements in building websites. With this information you will have a clear idea about web programming and may well understand the whole process of developing its website.

The websites are made with a programming technology called markup language, which can be HTML or XHTML. But you'll wonder what is a markup language. It is a programming language with which organized the website content. This language works with a set of marks or labels, which are instructions on how to structure texts and images for a site. In some cases marks or labels also realize the graphic presentation of the elements, although, as explained later, are currently separated structuring the text of visual appearance. By building a website with HTML or XHTML content in themselves are interspersed with marks indicating how to organize it.

With regard to HTML, HyperText Markup Language (ie, hypertext markup language), is the main instrument in Web development, as the markup language is more popular for its relative simplicity and its effectiveness. To build a website with this language are used programs such as Dreamweaver (Adobe) or Microsoft FrontPage. Also websites are often conducted using the HTML text editors, ie, programs that allow working with texts without any format (such as Wordpad, Notepad, Textpad, etc.).. In these texts are incorporated, bracketed triangular shape, trademarks HTML, with descriptions and directions relevant. Labels are open where the investigation began to organize content and close finishes where, adding a slash (text). We offer some examples of the most common:

<HTML> This label indicates that this is the beginning of an HTML document. Thus the user's browser, which is responsible for interpreting the HTML code, can be identified.

<BODY> </ BODY> This mark indicates the main text of a document.

<TABLE> </ Table> indicates that there is a table.

<P> </ P> This mark indicates that begins a paragraph.

<IMG> </ IMG> He noted the presence of an image.

<A> This mark indicates a hyperlink.

<b> </ b> This indicates that the text is in bold.

<i> </ i> This indicates that the text is in italics.

The HTML is then used as a tool to give a structure to the text of a website: identify titles, subtitles, paragraphs, tables, images, hyperlinks. Often also used to give some indication of the visual presentation of content to those who see the site: funds, colors, alignment, fonts, body, and so on. An example of label presentation is. Anyway today the world organization of Internet (World Wide Web Consortium, or W3C) recommends setting up separate the text of the graphic presentation of a website and develop it in so-called style sheets, as indicated later.

Moreover, XHTML, eXtensible HyperText Markup Language (extensible hypertext markup language) is a continuation of HTML and was developed in line with the recommendations of the agency that regulates the standards valid for Internet (W3C). This markup language is designed solely to structure the content of a website, leaving aside all indications presentational. The specific role of XHTML responds to a basic criterion highly recommended: separate organization of information from the visual presentation, since it makes Web sites more accessible to different users and different devices. To program the graphical appearance of a website were set up so-called language of style.

Using this new technology extends thanks to many browsers such as Netscape or Mozilla Firefox the support smoothly. It should be noted, however, that the Microsoft browser, Internet Explorer does not interpret the XHTML. Anyway its use continues to grow, the advantages in setting up websites more accessible. As we raised previously, separate organization of a text for filing is an important point when it comes to scheduling a website. To this end, besides the use of HTML is necessary to employ a language of style, such as CSS, Cascading Style Sheets (Cascading Style Sheets).

A language style enables the creation of separate documents relating to HTML, with instructions on the unique aesthetic of a website and its contents. All aspects of the presentation of a site included in a stylesheet, such as color box, background, fonts, text-alignment, line spacing, size, etc. What are the main benefits that the graphic presentation of a site is written in a language style? First, a benefit of great importance is the greater accessibility of a website. Accessibility is the quality that all types of users, from various devices can easily access a site.

With the style sheets is possible to create different presentations for the same content. The various presentations can be adapted to different contexts: different users and devices. Thus, a website is more accessible, because more people can access it without difficulties. This is because the separation of textual and visual presentation structure streamlines and improves the display of a website in any kind of device: desktop, DBP, printer, cell phone, Braille, voice synthesizer, etc. The accessibility of the site is especially crucial for people with different disabilities, as happens with people of low or no vision, which can access the site through Braille.

Another benefit of using style sheets to a website is that it reduces the size of your HTML document. With less HTML document size of a site can be interpreted more quickly by browsers users. Finally, the separation between the structure of the text (HTML) and the visual presentation (CSS) makes it easier to update content and graphics.


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